Our Study Guides

From our quick guides to comprehensive medical notes, we can help you study smarter. 

Toronto Notes

Comprehensive medical reference and preparation for licensing exams.

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Essential Med Notes

Comprehensive medical reference and exam prep adapted for our US & International readers.

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Clinical Handbook

The essentials of Toronto Notes on the ward.

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Pharmacology You See

Pharmacology of major drug classes made simple.

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Why Our Guides Work

We believe in helping you succeed. Our guides are revised by students for students.

Toronto Notes is a concise and comprehensive medical review revised annually by the University of Toronto student contributors under the guidance of the Faculty of Medicine. This reference text started as a compilation of notes written by and shared among University of Toronto students to study for their medical licensing exams. After 29 years, it has become the most reputable study guide used by medical students across Canada and around the world.

“I like Toronto Notes because I feel it is complete enough to use on its own, and it greatly simplifies the review and study processes. It provides a concise, easy to read, comprehensive summation of all relevant material, and I feel it to be a trustworthy source of information.”

Senior Medical Student
Ireland, UK

“The single resource you need to EXCEL in the wards.”

Graduating Medical Student
Albert Einstein School of Medicine

“I think Toronto Notes prepared me well for the wards, and the oral exams I took. It is effective for shelf exams preparationToronto Notes is an excellent resource to have a detailed overview of the many subjects that I will not be seeing on an everyday basis.”

Senior Medical Student
Israel, Sachler School of Medicine

“I still refer to this after 10 years of general practice.”

Family Physician
Toronto, Canada


The leading experts whose efforts go into revising and maintaining Toronto Notes.


Miliana Vojvodic
Ann Young

Production Managers

Bailey Dyck
Sheron Perera

Clinical Handbook Editors

Andrew Tyrrell
Vicki Wang

Atlas Editors & Medical Imaging

Hussein Jaffer
Anish Kapadia

Online Editor

Nicholas Tassone



Copy Editors

Michael Beyea
Danielle Bourque
Laura Burnes
Carlo Cifelli
Caroline Diorio
Madison Dennis
Brianna Empringham


Kaitlin Graham
Cassandra Greenberg
Sherry Jin
Olga Malinowska
Elizabeth Mui
Ankeeta Tadkase
Kevin Venus


Farhaad Virjee
Shintula Wilejakulasingam
Wen Yan Xie
Stacy Yeh
Andrew Zasowski

BMC Production Editors

Yi-Min Chun
Man-San Ma

Research and Development

Jieun Cha
Meah Gao
Howard Meng






Associate Editors

Maria Jogova
Howard Meng

Associate Editors

Grace Lam
Hamed Nazzari

Associate Editors

Jieun Kim
Daniel Soong

EBM Editor

Melini Gupta

EBM Editor

Gautam Goel

EBM Editor

Jeffrey Martin

Chapter Editors

Chapter Editors  Chapter Editors

Ethics, Legal and Organizational Medicine

Molly Dingwall
Jesse Kancir

Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery

Sangjune Laurence Lee
Bryan Ross

General Surgery

Nicolas Bowers
Nada Gawad


Gavin Hamilton
Ashwin Sankar


Yayi Huang
Angela Liu
Anna Liu


Emily Brander
Jena Hall
Katherine McLean
Marina Vainder

Clinical Pharmacology

Rick Chen
Erica Merman
Monique Moller


Ian Brasg
Ahmad Zaheen


Farshad Nassiri
Johnny Nguyen


Amanda Carleton
Thanh-Cat Ho
Anjali Papneja
Yuliya Velykoredko

Geriatric Medicine

Evelyn Cheung
Christopher Yarnell


Rebecca Ronsley
Jamie Saperia
Alia Sunderji

Emergency Medicine

Neil D. Dattani
Anandita Gokhale
Mackenzie Howatt


Lawson Eng
Anthony La Delfa


Harleen Bedi
Yao Wang
Family Medicine
Aaron McGregor
Joel Moktar
Amanda Ramdyal
Amirthini Tharmalingam

Infectious Disease

Alice Gray
Alissa Visram


Jonny Elserafi
Michael Neufeld
Kajeandra Ravichandiran
David Stockton

Medical Imaging

Ashley Leckie
Laura Quigley
Erin Wong


Ryan Luther
Constantin Shuster


Peter Dixon
Ryan Jude Figueroa


Tanvi Agarwal
Nicole Fischer
Suparna Sharma
Wallace Wee


Matthew Gladman
Russell Rasquinha

Plastic Surgery

Stephanie Dreckmann
Sangita Sequeira

Population and Community Health

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Anisha Prasad
Anushi Sivarajah


Amanda Goldberg
Selena Huang
Joanna Willms


Alexandra L. Millman
Andrew Stewart
Clare Toguri


Aneta Krakowski
Emily McDonough
Tamara Milovic


Faranak Esmaeilbeigi
Richard Norman
Alex Zhao


Yi-Min Chun
Nicole Clough
Jerusha Ellis
Laura Greenlee
Karyn Ho


Erin Kezie
Joshua Lai
Jean Yi-Chun Lin
Man-San Ma


Amanda Montanez
Andrew Q. Tran
Marissa Webber
Alice Zheng